The city of Los Angeles is situated in a basin in Southern California, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean, which extends through the Santa Monica Mountains to the San Fernando Valley. It is a world-class city that has grown from a small town at the beginning of the 20th century. Despite its lack of a natural harbor, Los Angeles has become an important center of commerce, agriculture, tourism and industry. It is renowned for its mild climate, wide range of outdoor leisure and recreation, and the special aura of celebrity associated with Hollywood.
The lifestyle of Angelenos is based on cars, idealizes single-family housing and favors informality. The horizon is mostly horizontal rather than vertical. Los Angeles is a place of extraordinary ethnic and racial diversity, largely due to immigration, and reflects a growing gap between rich and poor. It has been criticized by many detractors for its relaxed land of “la-la” or its social problems such as earthquakes, fires, smog, gang wars and riots.
However, defenders of the city admire its temperate climate and geographical variety. They claim that its main social problems are similar to those of all major cities and are perhaps even less serious there than elsewhere. Los Angeles has become one of the most famous cities in the world due to its bright lights, celebrities and incredible nightlife. Immigrant communities have played a vital role in creating this melting pot that is unique to Los Angeles.
The city experiences more than 300 days of sunshine a year and has a Mediterranean climate with about 35 days of measurable rainfall per year. It is the most populous city in California and the second most populous city in the United States after New York City. The highest-paid jobs in Los Angeles include doctors, architects, lawyers, university professors, software engineers and business analysts. Los Angeles (LA) is located between the San Gabriel Mountains in the east and the west coast in the Pacific Ocean.
It is known as the Entertainment Capital of the World due to Hollywood being located there. Population density around the metropolitan area varies widely from one person per square mile in mountainous areas to 50,000 per square mile near downtown Los Angeles.