We know that the current name of Los Angeles is “Los Angeles” in Spanish. The official name, City of Los Angeles, has been the city's official name since it at least became an American city in 1850. The charter of the City of Los Angeles, ratified by voters in 1999, created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as people who live, work, or own property in the neighborhood. Neighborhood councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous, as they identify their own boundaries, establish their own statutes, and elect their own officials.
There are about 90 neighborhood councils. Los Angeles residents choose supervisors for supervisory districts 1, 2, 3 and 4.There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside city limits in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, including the Claremont Colleges consortium, which includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the U.S. In addition to the rail service provided by Metrolink and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Area, the Los Angeles Transportation Authority has intercity Amtrak passenger trains. The city's main train station is Union Station, just north of the city center.
In addition, the city contracts directly for local and commuter bus service through the Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT). As the home of Hollywood and its entertainment industry, numerous singers, actors, celebrities and other artists live in various districts of Los Angeles. Their main village, Yaangva, flourished on the banks of the Los Angeles River and provided resources such as fish, nutrient-rich land and fresh water before it emptied into the Pacific Ocean. Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, its ethnic and cultural diversity, the Hollywood film industry and its extensive metropolitan area.
There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside city limits in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, including the Claremont Colleges consortium, which includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the United States. During World War II, Los Angeles was an important wartime manufacturing center, such as shipbuilding and aeronautics. Many of these native species, such as the Los Angeles sunflower, have become so rare that they are considered endangered. Los Angeles has a diverse economy and is home to companies in a wide range of professional and cultural fields.
Los Angeles is often characterized by the presence of low-rise buildings, unlike New York City. Air quality problems in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act. The eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains extends from the center of the city to the Pacific Ocean and separates the Los Angeles Basin from the San Fernando Valley. This applies to both residential and professional buildings in and around the city of Los Angeles.
Latino street gangs, such as Los Sureños, a Mexican-American street gang, and Mara Salvatrucha, which mainly has members of Salvadoran descent, originated in Los Angeles. Also called Port of Los Angeles and WORLDPORT LA, the port complex occupies 30 km of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of coastline. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council enacted residential and industrial land use zones. Home to the Chumash and Tongva indigenous peoples, the area that became Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542.