The city of Los Angeles has a long and fascinating history, with its name originating from Spanish on a river called: The Town of Our Lady of the Angels of Porciúncula. On September 4, 1781, the city received the name of The People of the Queen of Los Angeles, which translates as “The City of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels”. This name was given in honor of a newly discovered beautiful river that Father Crespi wrote about in 1769 (later called the Los Angeles River).The charter of the City of Los Angeles, ratified by voters in 1999, created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as people who live, work, or own property in the neighborhood. These councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous, as they identify their own boundaries, establish their own statutes, and elect their own officials.
There are about 90 neighborhood councils.Los Angeles residents choose supervisors for supervisory districts 1, 2, 3 and 4.In addition to the rail service provided by Metrolink and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Los Angeles has intercity passenger trains from Amtrak. The city's main train station is Union Station, just north of the city center.In addition, the city contracts directly for local and commuter bus service through the Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT). As part of the region's creative industry, the four major broadcast television networks, ABC, CBS, FOX and NBC, have production facilities and offices in several areas of Los Angeles.The Foursquare International Gospel Church was founded in Los Angeles by Aimee Semple McPherson in 1923 and is still headquartered there to this day. Despite city congestion, the average daily travel time of travelers in Los Angeles is shorter than in other major cities such as New York City, Philadelphia and Chicago.Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, its ethnic and cultural diversity, its Hollywood film industry and its extensive metropolitan area.
Latino street gangs such as Los Sureños (a Mexican-American street gang) and Mara Salvatrucha (which mainly has members of Salvadoran descent) originated in Los Angeles.The eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains extends from the center to the Pacific Ocean and separates the Los Angeles Basin from the San Fernando Valley. That said, downtown Los Angeles has many buildings of more than 30 floors, fourteen with more than 50 floors and two with more than 70 floors, the tallest being Wilshire Grand Center.In addition to numerous colleges and universities outside city limits in the greater Los Angeles area (including the Claremont Colleges consortium which includes some of the most selective liberal arts colleges in the U. S.), there are also many entertainment industry awards held annually in Los Angeles such as Academy Awards, Primetime Emmys and Grammy Awards.Also called Port of Los Angeles and WORLDPORT LA, this port complex occupies 30 km of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of coastline. It was here that Calship built hundreds of Liberty ships and Victory ships on Terminal Island.The Los Angeles area was also home to six leading aircraft manufacturers (Douglas Aircraft Company, Hughes Aircraft, Lockheed, North American Aviation, Northrop Corporation and Vultee).
In 1994 it hosted 8 FIFA World Cup soccer games at the Rose Bowl including the final which Brazil won.