The Spanish governor called the settlement El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula, or The City of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula. The charter of the City of Los Angeles, ratified by voters in 1999, created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as people who live, work, or own property in the neighborhood. Neighborhood councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous, as they identify their own boundaries, establish their own statutes, and elect their own officials. There are about 90 neighborhood councils.
Los Angeles residents choose supervisors for supervisory districts 1, 2, 3 and 4.There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside city limits in the greater Los Angeles area, including the Claremont Colleges consortium, which includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the U.S. In addition to the rail service provided by Metrolink and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan, the Los Angeles Transportation Authority has intercity Amtrak passenger trains. The city's main train station is Union Station, just north of the city center. In addition, the city contracts directly for local and commuter bus service through the Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT).
As home to Hollywood and its entertainment industry, numerous singers, actors, celebrities and other artists live in several districts of Los Angeles. Los Angeles is rich in native plant species, in part because of its diversity of habitats, including beaches, wetlands and mountains. Latino street gangs, such as Los Sureños, a Mexican-American street gang, and Mara Salvatrucha, which mainly has members of Salvadoran descent, originated in Los Angeles. Los Angeles has a diverse economy and is home to companies in a wide range of professional and cultural fields.
Los Angeles hosts the annual Academy Awards, the Primetime Emmys, the Grammy Awards and many other entertainment industry awards. Los Angeles is often characterized by the presence of low-rise buildings, unlike New York City. Despite city congestion, the average daily travel time of travelers in Los Angeles is shorter than in other major cities, such as New York City, Philadelphia and Chicago. As with much of the southwestern United States, the area surrounding what is now Los Angeles once belonged to Spain.
However, between 1908 and 1915, the Los Angeles City Council created several exceptions to the extensive prohibitions that applied to these three residential areas and, as a result, some industrial uses emerged in them. Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, its ethnic and cultural diversity, the Hollywood film industry and its extensive metropolitan area. Also called Port of Los Angeles and WORLDPORT LA, the port complex occupies 30 km of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of coastline. Outside of some centers, such as Downtown, Warner Center, Century City, Koreatown, Miracle Mile, Hollywood and Westwood, skyscrapers and skyscrapers are not common in Los Angeles.
The Los Angeles area is also subject to phenomena typical of a microclimate, which cause extreme temperature variations in close physical proximity to each other. As part of the region's aforementioned creative industry, the four major broadcast television networks, ABC, CBS, FOX and NBC, have production facilities and offices in several areas of Los Angeles. There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside city limits in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, including the Claremont Colleges consortium, which includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the United States, home to the Chumash and Tongva indigenous peoples, the area that became Los Angeles. was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542.